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ERIC Number: ED553231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 11
Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity. IRP Discussion Paper No. 1410-13
Wolfe, Barbara; Fletcher, Jason
Institute for Research on Poverty
One of the continuing areas of controversy surrounding higher education is affirmative action. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear "Fisher v. Texas," and their ruling may well influence universities' diversity initiatives, especially if they overturn "Grutter v. Bollinger" and rule that diversity is no longer a "compelling state interest." But what lies behind a compelling state's interest? One issue that continues to require more information is estimating and understanding the gains for those attending colleges and universities with greater diversity. Most existing studies are either based on evidence from one institution, which has issues of both selectivity and limited "treatments," or focus on selective institutions, which also face issues of selection bias from college choice behaviors. In this research we use Wave 3 of Add Health, collected in 2001-02 of those then attending college. Add Health collected the IPEDS number of each college and matched these to the racial/ethnic composition of the student body. We convert these data into an index of diversity and then ask whether attending a college/university with a more diverse student body influences a variety of outcomes at Wave 4 (2007-08), including years of schooling completed, earnings, family income, composition of friends, and probability of voting. Our results provide evidence of a positive link between attending a college with greater diversity and higher earnings and family income, but not with more schooling or the probability of voting. An appendix contains two data tables: (1) Listing Carnegie Categories and Average Unweighted ELF [ethnolinguistic fractionalization] for Each Category; and (2) Results on Income and Earnings for Those Who Attended a 4-Year Institution, Controlling for Quality of the Institution.
Institute for Research on Poverty. Publications Department, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty
Identifiers - Location: California; Michigan; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Grutter et al v Bollinger et al