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ERIC Number: ED553028
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 179
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3030-3879-2
The Influence of Diversity Experiences on Undergraduate Students' Universal Diverse Orientation (UDO)
Toscano, Linda A.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Toledo
An estimated one million acts of racially or ethnically motivated violence take place on university and college campuses each year. In response, higher education institutions have implemented various types of diversity programs. However, there exists little research on the success of such programs or whether these programs actually reduce prejudice. This study used the less-researched concept of non-prejudice to determine which student characteristics, institutional characteristics, previous diversity experiences, and perception of campus climate variables influence students' Universal Diverse Orientation (UDO) as measured by the Miville-Guzman Universality Diversity Scale-Short form (M-GUDS-S). Participants were 522 undergraduate students from 21 U.S. colleges and universities who participated in a National Coalition Building Institute (NCBI) workshop and answered a 47-item survey. The research incorporated three theoretical models, including Astin's Input-Environment-Output model, which was used as a framework to address the research questions. A blocked stepwise regression analysis found 10 significant positive predictors of UDO and that student involvement in diversity experiences has a positive association with their appreciation and value of the similarities and differences in others. By identifying characteristics that contribute to a higher total UDO, especially within-institution predictor variables, this research hopes to improve students' educational experience and to assist colleges and universities in implementing programs and supportive services to enhance students' multicultural educational experience so as to prepare them to be more productive members of the global community. The researcher, a former University of Wyoming (UW) administrator, was motivated by campus events following the hate crime against UW student, Matthew Shepard, in December, 1998. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A