NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED552604
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 359
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2679-6031-3
The Acquisition of Korean Plural Marking by Native English Speakers
Hwang, Sun Hee
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgetown University
This study investigated the L2 acquisition of Korean plural marking by English-speaking learners within a feature-reassembly approach--a formal feature-based approach suggesting that native-like attainment of L2 morphosyntactic knowledge is determined by whether learners can reconfigure the formal features assembled in functional categories and lexical items in the L1 to those of the L2 (Lardiere, 2009). The Korean plural marker -- "tul" shares some features with the English plural marker -- "s," but not others, especially regarding specificity, numeric vs. non-numeric quantification, classification, and human animacy. Moreover, Korean has another type of plural marker (also --"tul") that attaches to various non-nominal elements to indicate a distributive reading. The difference in the specification of features in the plural lexical items of each language requires learners to reconfigure the relevant features, which can be modeled within a feature-reassembly approach. The two main objectives of this study are: (i) to characterize the learning task for L1 English-L2 Korean learners based on the cross-linguistic variation in number marking between the L1 and L2; and (ii) to investigate whether native-like attainment of both types of Korean plural marking is possible. 85 adult English-speaking learners at four proficiency levels (low-intermediate, high-intermediate, low-advanced, advanced) and 31 native Korean speakers performed five types of paper-and-pencil tasks--elicitation, acceptability judgment, preference, truth value judgment, and translation. The overall group results showed gradual development with increasing proficiency, but non-target-like performance lingered among several advanced learners. However, at least some highly proficient learners successfully incorporated required features such as specificity, non-numeric vs. numeric quantification, and distributivity into their representation of Korean plural marking. The [+/-human] feature restriction was not acquired by most participants even at advanced levels of proficiency. These findings suggest that identifying the relevant features and reassembling them into language-specific lexical items is difficult but nonetheless eventually attainable for some learners. The feature-reassembly approach sheds light on persistent L2 learning problems in morphosyntactic domain, correctly predicting both the obstacles and ultimate acquirability of Korean plural marking. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A