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ERIC Number: ED552556
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 186
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2679-7787-8
ISSN: N/A
Personalized Surgical Risk Assessment Using Population-Based Data Analysis
AbuSalah, Ahmad Mohammad
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota
The volume of information generated by healthcare providers is growing at a relatively high speed. This tremendous growth has created a gap between knowledge and clinical practice that experts say could be narrowed with the proper use of healthcare data to guide clinical decisions and tools that support rapid information availability at the clinical setting. In this thesis, we utilized population surgical procedure data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, a nationally representative surgical outcome database, to answer the question of how can we use population data to guide the personalized surgical risk assessment process. Specifically, we provided a risk model development approach to construct a model-driven clinical decision support system utilizing outcome predictive modeling techniques and applied the approach on a spinal fusion surgery which was selected as a use case. We have also created The Procedure Outcome Evaluation Tool (POET); which is a data-driven system that provides clinicians with a method to access NIS population data and submit ad hoc multi-attribute queries to generate average and personalized data-driven surgical risks. Both systems use patient demographics and comorbidities, hospital characteristics, and admission information data elements provided by NIS data to inform clinicians about inpatient mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition status. Finally, we conducted a subjective evaluation by clinicians to measure their satisfaction with the usability of the POET data-driven system in terms of system usefulness as well as information and interface quality and compared it to the use of the model-driven system. Our work reinforces the need for the next generation clinical decision support systems that extract knowledge from population data and present it to the clinician at the point of care in a timely fashion. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A