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ERIC Number: ED552541
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 128
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2679-6249-2
Kanter's Theory of Tokenism and the Socialization of African American Students Attending Midwestern University
Mallett, Justin R.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Edgewood College
This study analyzed how Kanter's theory of tokenism and its related concepts of performance pressure, social isolation and role entrapment can be used to understand the socialization of African American students at a small Midwestern college. Sixteen African American students were interviewed in focus groups to examine various aspects of their socialization at a predominantly White campus. Kanter's (1977) theory of tokenism was useful in helping to understand African American students' socialization on campus. In this study, African American students discussed how the campus did not isolate minority students because of their race, but instead the African American students isolated themselves from the other students on campus due to personal feelings of loneliness on campus. The students also mentioned a lack of events on campus designed to promoting diversity and multiculturalism on campus. The group isolation finding is different from Kanter's finding. African American students on campus had access to information about all social events taking place on campus. Recommendations for how to improve the socialization of African American include the creation of a Black Student Union and introducing African American students to other successful African American alumni who attended Midwestern University. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A