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ERIC Number: ED551537
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 167
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2678-4028-8
An Investigation of No Child Left Behind and Its Primary Purpose to Close the Achievement Gap
Holmes, Shaun L.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Northern Arizona University
Research has suggested the 2001 No Child Left Behind high-stakes testing legislation has resulted in a narrowed curriculum, decreased opportunities for poor and minority students, and decreased job satisfaction among teachers and administrators. Given the considerably negative influence No Child Left Behind legislation has had on public education, learning whether the legislation has met its primary objective to close the achievement was the critically important question asked by this quantitative ex post facto study. The existence of an achievement gap, or lack thereof, was determined by using 2011 AIMS reading and math test data from Maricopa County non-Title I and Title I elementary school at the aggregate school level and at grades three, four, and five, the elementary grade levels tested. Achievement scores of students in high socio economic status (non-Title I) schools (SES) were compared with scores of students in low (Title I) SES schools. Results revealed statistically significant evidence that the achievement gap has not closed in grades three, four, and five, in the fourth largest county in the United States. The high cost of No Child Left Behind high-stakes testing test-driven, narrowed curriculum delivered by dissatisfied and demoralized teachers and administrators might have been worthwhile had the legislation been successful. However, statistically significant evidence shows that NCLB legislation failed and that continuing to support legislation that mandates high-stakes testing will only delay endeavors to find meaningful ways to authentically assess students and their schools and deliver on the promise of a quality education. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001