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ERIC Number: ED551406
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 202
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2677-8319-6
A Comparison of the Effects of Three Intervention Approaches on Parental Self-Efficacy, Parenting Skills, and Parental Stress Levels of Impoverished Parents
Rooney, MaryEllen
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University
The purpose of this study is to compare three intervention approaches that focused on alleviating some of the deleterious effects of poverty by building parental self-efficacy, increasing parenting skills, and decreasing parental stress levels in parents at-risk for negative child outcomes due to factors associated with adverse socioeconomic factors and environmental conditions. The three approaches that were investigated were: single approach (informative packet of resources), duo package approach (series of workshops and resource packet), and trio package approach (interactive feedback session, series of workshops, and resource packet). Thirty mothers experiencing poverty participated in this study. Analysis of covariance and post-hoc pairwise comparisons on the dependent variables revealed that the layered approach of the trio-package approach significantly increased both parental self-efficacy and parenting skills and decreased parental stress as compared to the single approach group. Correlational analyses were performed in order to investigate if any of the demographic variables were associated with any of the dependent measures. The results suggest that older age was associated with higher scores on both the parental self-efficacy measure and the Parent-Child Relationship Inventory and with lower total scores on the parental stress measure. In addition, there was a significant correlation between mothers' level of education and scores on the parental self-efficacy measure, the Parent Observation Checklist (POC), and the measure of parental stress. That is, higher education was associated with higher score on the parental self-efficacy measure, higher score on POC, and lower scores on the Parenting Stress Index (Abidin, 1995). Qualitative review of the Guiding Questions measure for the group who received the trio package revealed the following emerging themes: the intrinsic value of the parent-child interaction, the power of conversation, and disciplining does not mean winning. Implications of the results as well as directions for future research are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A