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ERIC Number: ED550804
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 109
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3030-1282-2
ISSN: N/A
An Inquiry into the Factors That Contribute to Health Science Teacher Attrition and Retention
Clarke, Wilma Lynne
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, South Carolina State University
Teaching remains one of the largest occupations in the United States and accounts for 4.9% of the civilian workforce. There are over twice as many teachers as nurses (United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2006). The turnover rate for teachers is consistently higher than many other occupations in the nation, and this factor is driving an inability to maintain high-quality teachers in the classroom (Ingersoll, 2001). The fastest growing job sector is healthcare (according to a 2012 United States Bureau of Labor Statistics report). The American Medical Association recommends exposure to healthcare classes in high school for students that plan to pursue healthcare professions. This study examined the factors identified in a review of the literature that contribute to Health Science teacher retention and attrition including teacher preparation; mentoring and ongoing professional development; physical facilities and equipment; student ability and motivation; parent and community support; school leadership and compensation. South Carolina Health Science teachers from a five-year period from 2007-08 to 2011-12 were surveyed to collect responses on factors related to retention and attrition. The factors included were teacher preparation and ongoing professional development; school facilities and equipment; student academic abilities; personal motivation; parent and community support; school leadership; and compensation. The population of 397 teachers were identified as having taught or continuing to teach Health Science during the five-year period. The 107 respondents were analyzed using ANOVA and post hoc tests. The results indicated there were significant correlations between teacher attrition and (1) compensation (p = 0.000), (2) teacher preparation and ongoing professional development (p = 0.005, p = 0.014); and (3) physical facilities and equipment (p = 0.000, p = 0.005) among the most significant factors influencing Health Science Teacher retention and attrition being related to compensation. These results imply that there are significant factors that influence retention and attrition of Health Science teachers in South Carolina. The findings of this study can be used with other research to develop programs and initiatives to attract and retain Health Science teachers. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina