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ERIC Number: ED550251
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 168
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2677-8191-8
Structuring Reminiscence Group Interventions for Older Adults Using a Framework of Mattering to Promote Wellness
Lukow, Herman R., II.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The College of William and Mary
This study examined if the wellness of older adult residents of a continuing care retirement community was enhanced through the promotion of a sense of mattering to others. A ten-session reminiscence therapy protocol (REM) was developed as a treatment baseline for this study and four tenets of mattering promotion were developed as an additive to the baseline protocol (REMAIR). The hypotheses that drove this study posed that wellness would be enhanced for all participants and that those participants in the REMAIR group would demonstrate significantly greater gains in wellness and mattering than participants in the REM group. It was further hypothesized that females would demonstrate greater gains in wellness and mattering than did males but there were not a sufficient number of males in the sample to permit meaningful statistical analysis. Nineteen independent living residents with a mean age of 83.26 years (SD = 4.99) participated and were randomly assigned to either the baseline REM group (n = 10) or to the REMAIR group (n = 9). Two instruments were administered using a pre- and post-test design to compute gains in wellness and mattering and Chi square tests, Pearson correlations, and independent and dependent sample t-tests were used to analyze the data. Results failed to support the hypotheses however, additional analysis of within group gains indicated that members of the REM group and females as a whole achieved significant positive gains in wellness. Despite the lack of significant findings indicating that wellness can be enhanced through the promotion of mattering or that the mattering promotion tenets produced an increased sense of mattering to others and wellness, the study is the first attempt at translating the strong positive relationship between wellness and mattering established in the research literature into a specific tenets that can be used in clinical settings. The results at least partially support the body of literature that establishes the usefulness of employing reminiscence groups for enhancing older adult wellness and suggests that the constructs of wellness and a sense of mattering to others differ by gender. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A