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ERIC Number: ED549830
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 137
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2672-9893-5
ISSN: N/A
A Type-Based Approach to Adjectival Distribution
Friedman, Tova Esther
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University
Most English adjectives can appear either prenominally or as predicates. (1) a. the red rose b. Roses are red. There are also adjectives that can appear only in one position or the other, but not in both: (2) a. * the awake child b. The child is awake. (3) a. the former president b. * The president is former. The primary goal of this dissertation will be to address two questions that arise from this data. First, what is the relationship between prenominal "red" and predicative "red"? Second, what causes some adjectives, including "awake" and "former," to be ungrammatical in prenominal and predicate positions, respectively? To answer these questions, I will appeal to the theory of semantic types and posit a type-shifting operator that is always present when an adjective appears in predicate position. The vast majority of English adjectives, including "red," can either occur in their basic form prenominally or combine with the operator to produce viable predicates. Adjectives like "awake" cannot occur without the operator and as such are restricted to predicate positions. Adjectives like "former" can combine with the operator but the resulting predicates are ruled out by a constraint on trivial predication. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A