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ERIC Number: ED549587
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 134
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2672-8736-6
Do They Know Their ABCs? Letter-Name Knowledge of Urban Preschoolers
Edwards, Liesl
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas
This study analyzed the performance and growth in letter knowledge and letter identification skills of children across an academic year. Repeated measures analyses of variance were conducted on letter name knowledge measures administered at three time points for all participating children (N = 177) and seven time points for children (n = 106) identified as below benchmark based on their initial performance on the "Test of Preschool Early Literacy" ("TOPEL"; Lonigan, Wagner, & Torgesen, 2007). The analyses were used to examine differences among children's performance based on a number of variables including initial classification as at- or below-benchmark, home language status, time, and quality of instruction in the child's classroom. Additionally, latent growth models were developed to evaluate relationships among the variables relative to the trajectory of growth of letter knowledge skills for children (n = 114) identified as below benchmark. The findings indicated positive growth for participating children, in terms of the numbers of uppercase letters they were able to identify, and some observable differences between identified groups of children. However, the differences and changes observed did not always meet levels of statistical significance. Across all analyses, age explained a significant portion of the variance in the number of letters children were able to correctly identify. Results suggest that early instruction and intervention can be effective in improving the alphabet knowledge skills of at-risk preschoolers; however, further research is needed to better identify and understand the factors that impact growth including individual, home, and educational variables. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A