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ERIC Number: ED549157
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
Evaluating For-Profit Higher Education: Evidence from the Education Longitudinal Study. A CAPSEE Working Paper
Liu, Yuen Ting; Belfield, Clive
Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment
This study evaluates the postsecondary and labor market outcomes of students who attended for-profit colleges. The evaluation complements a similar study by Deming, Goldin, and Katz (2012) that found significant differences in outcomes between students in for-profit colleges and those in other sectors. In this study we use the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, a nationally representative survey monitoring the transitions of young people who were 10th graders in 2002, and compare outcomes during the college years and up to age 26. In accord with Deming et al. (2012), we find adverse levels of borrowing and some evidence of wage penalties for students who attended a for-profit college. Paradoxically, however, these results are not associated with lower attainment levels, and there is little evidence that for-profit students were less satisfied with their college experience. These results hold even with detailed controls for ability, for alternative comparison groups, for selection into the for-profit sector, and for alternative designations of for-profit college enrollment. However, the combined effect of higher borrowing and lower earnings for students at for-profit colleges is substantial such that the average returns to community college dominate those at for-profit colleges. The following are appended: Table A1: Differences in Selected Outcomes by Enrollment Status; Table A2: Selection into College Sector (Multinomial Logit); Table A3: Differences in College Financial Aid (Selection Correction and IV Estimates); and Table A4: Differences in Student Outcomes (Selection Correction and IV Estimates).
Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment. Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street Box 174, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212.678.3091; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE)
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305C110011