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ERIC Number: ED548275
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 179
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2673-8488-1
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship between Illinois School District Superintendent Longevity and High School Student Achievement
Libka, Robert J.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Western Illinois University
Frequent changes in school district superintendents may be having a detrimental impact on student achievement. Rapid changes in leadership today parallel the present (NCLB) era of high stakes state assessments. The goal of the study was to provide correlation research that would have a positive effect on school district management, superintendent tenure, and student achievement. Following a review of existing studies, research included descriptive statistics and correlations between superintendent longevity and student achievement. Data was obtained from the Illinois School Report Cards for all 440 Illinois unit and high school districts in operation from 2001-2010, except Chicago Public Schools. Superintendent longevity data came from the Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE). Histograms, scatter plots, graphs, and box and whisker plots illustrated the relationship between longevity, achievement, and other variables: district poverty level, size, and location. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient r and Spearman's rho correlations defined the relationship between superintendent longevity and student achievement, measured by the Prairie State Achievement Exam (PSAE) ACT reading and math sections 2001-2010. In addition, Pearson r was calculated for longevity and change in achievement from 2002-2010. Partial correlations controlled the influence of two variables: district poverty level and size. Finally correlations, categorized as city, suburban, town, and rural, revealed differences based on school district location. Results consistently demonstrated a positive correlation between superintendent longevity and student achievement. Pearson r for the 10-year mean computed a statistically significant M = 0.13 for longevity with both reading and math. Partial correlations revealed that district poverty level influenced the longevity-achievement correlation, but when controlled the relationship was still positive every year for both reading and math. District size was determined to have no significant affect on the longevity-achievement relationship, and all correlations remained significant and positive. School district location made a difference. Urban districts had a longevity-achievement correlation double those of other locations. While not significant, all locations had positive correlations between longevity and achievement. After studying 10-years of data from 440 school districts, serving 1,051,681 students, and completing numerous statistical analyses, the relationship between superintendent longevity and student achievement remained positive and at times statistically significant. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment