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ERIC Number: ED547932
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 157
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2674-2934-6
Teacher Incentive Pay Programs: Characteristics and Association with Instructional Practices
Liang, Guodong
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Missouri - Columbia
This dissertation research examined the characteristics of teacher incentive pay programs in the state of Missouri and across the nation in the United States. The purposes of this study were (a) to examine the characteristics of districts that offered performance-related pay (PRP) programs and teachers who received PRP awards in 2007 using the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) datasets; (b) to examine the characteristics of incentive pay programs to recruit new teachers and reward existing teachers and the characteristics of the districts that offered the incentive pay programs in 2009 based on a statewide district survey; and (c) to examine the characteristics of teacher evaluation used to determine PRP, and the association between PRP and improvement in the practice of constructivist instruction based on a statewide survey of middle school math teachers. Using the 1999, 2003, and 2007 SASS datasets, this study found that large and ethnically diverse districts in urban areas with less union influence were more likely to offer PRP. However, highly qualified teachers in high demand were no more likely to receive a larger amount of PRP. The 2010 Teacher Compensation Programs survey data showed that poor rural districts were less likely than wealthy suburban districts to offer teacher incentive pay programs. Using statewide longitudinal Teachers' Opportunity to Learn survey data, this study found that most of the PRP recipients were evaluated by their school principals, who conducted classroom observations and face-to-face meetings to assess the teachers' teaching practice and professional development activities. Only a small percentage of teachers were evaluated by peers or by using teaching portfolios, and only one out of four teachers was evaluated on student achievement data for the PRP award. After controlling for teacher and school characteristics, this study found a modest yet positive association between PRP and improvement in teacher practice of constructivist instruction. The findings from these studies highlighted the importance of alignment between the actual program implementation and the program goal of recruiting and retaining highly qualified teachers in high demand. In addition, it is important for district leaders to reexamine the evaluation methods and data used for offering the teacher incentive pay awards and engage multiple methods and data sources for teacher evaluation in the program implementation. Furthermore, it is essential to include the teachers' teaching practice data and professional development data into teacher evaluation to improve the students' higher-order and critical thinking skills. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES)