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ERIC Number: ED547776
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 51
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0929–0907
Perceptual Learning and the Technology of Expertise: Studies in Fraction Learning and Algebra
Kellman, Philip J.; Massey, Christine; Roth, Zipora; Burke, Timothy; Zucker, Joel; Saw, Amanda; Aguero, Katherine E.; Wise, Joseph A.
Grantee Submission, Pragmatics & Cognition v16 n2 p356-405 2008
Learning in educational settings most often emphasizes declarative and procedural knowledge. Studies of expertise, however, point to other, equally important components of learning, especially improvements produced by experience in the extraction of information: "Perceptual learning." Here we describe research that combines principles of perceptual learning with computer technology to address persistent difficulties in mathematics learning. We report three experiments in which we developed and tested "perceptual learning modules" (PLMs) to address issues of structure extraction and fluency in relation to algebra and fractions. PLMs focus students' learning on recognizing and discriminating, or mapping key structures across different representations or transformations. Results showed significant and persisting learning gains for students using PLMs. PLM technology offers promise for addressing neglected components of learning: Pattern recognition, structural intuition, and fluency. Using PLMs as a complement to other modes of instruction may allow students to overcome chronic problems in learning.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: REC-0231826