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ERIC Number: ED547736
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 161
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2674-7175-8
Tuition and Fees and Tax Revolt Provisions: Exploring State Fiscal Policy Impacts Using Fixed-Effects Vector Decomposition
Serna, Gabriel Ramom
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Indiana University
It is arguably the case that one of the most pressing issues in higher education finance is the increasing price of obtaining a college education, and, more specifically, rising tuition and fees. Because state support to public higher education and tuition and fees at publicly supported colleges and universities have been shown to share an inverse relationship, it is also important to examine the effects state fiscal policies may have on tuition and fees at these institutions. Previous research has shown that Tax Revolt Provisions (TRPs), namely Tax and Expenditure Limitations (TELs) and Supermajority Requirements (SMRs) aimed at limiting state government revenues and/or expenditures, negatively impact public higher education funding. This dissertation explores the impacts of these same types of policies on average in-state undergraduate tuition and fees at public four-year colleges and universities. Employing a data set spanning 13 years and using a relatively new econometric estimator, Fixed-Effects Vector Decomposition, the findings indicate that TRPs matter, but not equally. The results provide no evidence that TELs, regardless of provision type, share a discernible relationship with tuition and fees. Conversely, SMRs are associated with higher levels of tuition and fees by approximately 5.6-5.8%. This result lends only partial credence to the study's hypothesis that in states with TRPs, average public four-year undergraduate tuition and fees are higher. The study's findings also show that increases in full-time student enrollments, state expenditures to both higher and K-12 education, and increases in the number of 18-24 year olds in the state, are all associated with lower tuition and fees. By contrast, increases in state spending to transportation and public safety, higher unemployment rates, larger total populations, and more conservative legislatures, are correlated with higher tuition and fee levels. Moreover, controls for census region returned results that provide evidence that regional effects matter with regard to tuition and fee levels. Finally, the results of the analysis suggest that as policy-makers and researchers seek out the causes of increasing tuition and fees, it would be prudent to take into consideration the role played by state fiscal policies. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A