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ERIC Number: ED547547
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 212
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-2674-5467-6
Educational Change and Gender in the Superintendency
Link, Ryan R.; Scott, Michael L.; Foster, Kathy J.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Saint Louis University
This report describes a problem based learning project focusing on educational change and gender in the superintendency. Superintendent tenure is influenced by the ability to facilitate and navigate the change process. Superintendent leadership and organizational change have been shown to be related to student achievement; therefore, successful tenure for male and female superintendents is beneficial to school systems. Current research findings offer evidence that females have a shorter tenure in the superintendency than their male counterparts. School districts suffer when tenure for a superintendent is short. The project team sought to determine whether change leadership behaviors differ between male and female superintendents and the influences these have on tenure for female superintendents. The team identified four constructs found through a review of the literature within the areas of leadership, change leadership, gender differences in leadership, gender barriers for female superintendents, and tenure. The project constructs identified are: communication, development of leadership capacity, organizational improvement, and political awareness. The project team developed situational scenarios based on the emergent themes within the four identified project constructs for change leadership behaviors. Utilizing the scenarios, the team designed a survey instrument that was distributed and used to gather perceptual information from an equal number of male and female Missouri superintendents. The project team compiled the survey results and analyzed the qualitative and quantitative data using a multiple phase process. The project team's analysis of the survey findings suggested female superintendents dealt with change differently than male superintendents. Female superintendent responses reflected differences in the management of the change process related to increased communication, knowledge of instructional skills, focus on student outcomes, emphasis on relationship building and personal connections, and collaboration. Recommendations were made to superintendents, boards of education, professional organizations, institutions of higher learning, and state departments of education to improve the length of tenure for female superintendents. Recommendations included: offering leadership preparatory programs with curriculum designed to reflect the issues of gender bias, stereotyping, and gender leadership characteristics; enhanced professional experiences for potential and current female leaders; networking experiences for females; and formal training for boards of education. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A