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ERIC Number: ED547493
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 216
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2674-5898-8
ISSN: N/A
Measuring Differentials of Information Power between Academic Disciplines Using Interdisciplinary Citation Patterns among Eight Social Sciences from 1979-1983 and 2005-2009
Evans, Carolyn
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
Although social stratification usually calls to mind the hierarchical ranking of individuals, sociology often broadly considers it the ranking of any social objects. The Treiman Socio-Economic Index (SEI), for example, provides a quantitative assessment of the hierarchical ranking of occupations. This dissertation considers the hierarchical ranking of eight social science disciplines (anthropology, communication, economics, geography, library and information science, political science, psychology, and sociology). The hierarchical ranking of disciplines was operationalized as the degree of asymmetry in cross-discipline citation patterns. Asymmetries in the information flow in the citation data were regarded as indicators of gravitational gradients (making movement in some directions "easier" than others) and the idea that "higher" disciplines exerted greater influence over "lower" disciplines than vice versa was explored. Lower ranking disciplines were expected to cite higher ranking disciplines more than higher ranking disciplines cited lower ranking disciplines. Interdisciplinary citations in journal citation data from 1979-1983 and 2005-2009 showed considerable asymmetries, and ranking of the status of the eight disciplines investigated were derived from those asymmetries. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A