ERIC Number: ED547236
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 97
Teacher Perceptions of Principals' Leadership Qualities: A Mixed Methods Study
Hauserman, Calvin P.; Ivankova, Nataliya V.; Stick, Sheldon L.
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, Apr 2007)
This mixed method study used survey research, open-ended questions, and interviews to identify transformational leadership qualities among principals of publicly funded schools in the Province of Alberta, Canada. Five-hundred-nine teachers (37.7%) from a random sample of schools in the province completed the Multifactor leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) (Bass & Avolio, 1995; 2000), provided demographic information, and responded to four open-ended questions. Telephone interviews subsequently were conducted with selected teachers who had principals identified as being in the highest or lowest quartile of transformational leadership as determined by the MLQ. The Chi-Square-goodness-of-fit test was used to determine a normal distribution for the groups, and Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) was used to analyze teacher ratings for principals on the variables of extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction. None of the differences could account for the variation in principal transformational leadership qualities. Qualitative interpretation of the open-ended responses and subsequent interviews allowed for concluding that teachers preferred school principals who displayed transformational leadership characteristics in the areas of idealized influence, individual consideration, inspirational motivation, and intellectual stimulation. The educational importance of the information relates to administrator preparation, in-service development, teacher efforts, and student learning.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Principals, Instructional Leadership, Mixed Methods Research, Teacher Surveys, Interviews, Goodness of Fit, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Transformational Leadership, Statistical Significance, Administrator Effectiveness, Creativity, Teacher Motivation, Administrator Behavior, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire