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ERIC Number: ED546816
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 72
Abstractor: ERIC
ISBN: 978-1-909437-20-3
Building High-Performing and Improving Education Systems: Curriculum and Assessment. Review
Slater, Liz
CfBT Education Trust
This review deals with the structure and contents of the curriculum; curriculum delivery; the relationship between school structures and the curriculum on offer ("study pathways"); and teaching (pedagogy). The review also deals with assessment. The section on assessment discusses the purposes of assessment (whether formative and/or summative), its timing and methods, as well as the roles and responsibilities of those involved. Decisions about approaches to the curriculum and assessment are closely linked to how many teachers there are, their knowledge and skills, the resources available and quality assurance. A number of key questions are tackled in this review: (1) Why are governments interested in the curriculum and assessment? What are the drivers for change? (2) Why and how have successful and improving education systems changed the duration and structure of schooling alongside curriculum reform? (3) What part do teachers' capabilities play in the design and implementation of changes to the curriculum and assessment? and (4) How much autonomy do schools and teachers have in designing their curricula? Driven by the need to compete economically and to give their population wider and more equitable access to education, high-performing and improving education systems are engaged in a continuing process of reform of their curricula and assessment systems. They see more inclusive and longer access to education not just as good in itself, but also as a means of enabling students to make more effective contributions to the economy. The following are appended: (1) Chile; (2) Hong Kong; (3) Ghana; (4) New Zealand; and (5) Hong Kong. [The National Foundation for Educational Research carried out the scoping and bibliographic work on which this review was based.]
CfBT Education Trust. 60 Queens Road, Reading, RG1 4BS, England. Tel: +44-11-8902-1296; Fax: +44-11-8902-1895; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: CfBT Education Trust (United Kingdom)
Identifiers - Location: Chile; Ghana; Hong Kong; New Zealand