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ERIC Number: ED546775
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 41
Abstractor: As Provided
How Do States Define Alternative Education? REL 2014-038
Porowski, Allan; O'Conner, Rosemarie; Luo, Jia Lisa
Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic
This study provides an overview of similarities and differences in how states and state education agencies define alternative education, as well as which states have alternative education standards and what those standards entail. The study reviewed information on alternative education definitions and programs from state and federal websites and from local school system websites in Maryland. Findings show that 43 states and the District of Columbia have formal definitions of alternative education. The most commonly cited target population for alternative education is students with behavioral problems. The most common services listed in state definitions and policies regarding alternative education programs are regular academic instruction, counseling, social/life skills, job readiness, and behavioral services (e.g., anger management, conflict resolution). The literature suggests that the definition of alternative education should include the target population, services offered, setting (e.g., in school, stand-alone schools), and scheduling (e.g., during school hours, outside of school hours). The following are appended: (1) Methodology; (2) State definitions of alternative education; and (3) Interview protocol for state education agencies on exclusionary criteria for compulsory attendance laws.
Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic. 11785 Beltsville Drive Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705. Tel: 301-572-0889; Tel: 866-735-6239; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Maryland; United States
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: ED-IES-12-CO-0006