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ERIC Number: ED546585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 131
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-5751-3
ISSN: N/A
The Role of Self-Compassion and Emotional Approach Coping in the Relationship between Maladaptive Perfectionism and Psychological Distress among East Asian International Students
Seo, Heweon
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota
This study investigated the mediating and moderating roles of self-compassion and emotional approach coping in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among East Asian international students. Data were collected through an online survey completed by 255 East Asian international students in a large public Midwestern university. It was hypothesized that self-compassion and emotional approach coping would predict psychological distress, and would both mediate and moderate the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among the sample of East Asian international students. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that maladaptive perfectionism and self-compassion were strong predictors for depression and anxiety for the sample of East Asian international students, while emotional approach coping did not contribute unique variance in the prediction of depression and anxiety. An exploratory factor analysis for the Self-Compassion Scale yielded two factors: the Self-Compassion factor (i.e., Self-Kindness, Common Humanity, and Mindfulness), and the Self-Disrespect factor (i.e., Self-Judgment, Isolation, and Over-Identification). Additionally, emotional approach coping was not significantly correlated with psychological distress; thus, emotional approach coping did not serve as a mediator or a moderator. Taken together, the original model was revised to incorporate two Self-Compassion factors as separate mediators in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress, with Emotional Approach Coping as an exogenous variable. Results from Structural Equational Modeling (SEM) showed that Self-Disrespect partially mediated between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress. The finding indicates that East Asian international students with maladaptive perfectionism can alleviate psychological distress. They can do this by being less self-judgmental and socially isolated, and by not over-identifying with their own negative thoughts and emotions, which develops self-compassion. In addition, Self-Disrespect moderated the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress, indicating that East Asian international students with maladaptive perfectionism seem to suffer from greater psychological distress when experiencing high levels of Self-Disrespect (i.e., being self-judgmental, isolated, and over-identifying). Implications for counseling and future research directions are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A