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ERIC Number: ED546573
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 248
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-8487-8
Analysis of the Efficacy of Mission Possible: Parents and Kids Who Listen for Problem-Solving Ability
Semeniuk, Yulia Y.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
Background: It is well documented that as youth develop into adolescence, conflict with their parents increases. Unmanaged conflicts can have deleterious effects on youth health and development. Open parent-child communication has been found to be protective against a child's involvement in health-risk behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the Mission Possible: Parents and Kids Who Listen (MP) intervention (based upon the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems) for efficacy in promoting parent-adolescent problem-solving skill. This hypothesis was tested: Youth and parents who participated in MP will show improved problem-solving abilities as demonstrated by their higher rate of change on observed indicators of problem-solving when compared with youth and parents in the comparison group over time and controlled for gender, family typology, and pubertal development. Methods: In this RTC, 50% of the parent-youth dyads (N = 127) were randomly selected to problem-solve. Selected Iowa Family Interaction Scale (IFIRS) items: Solution Quantity, Solution Quality, Negotiate/Compromise, Agreement on Solution, and Implementation Commitment, consistent with Social Problem-Solving Theory, were used to measure problem solving ability. The five-wave longitudinal analysis of latent trajectories of linear and quadratic slopes utilizing a Dyadic Conditional Latent Trajectory Model was performed. Most of the participating parents were mothers. At intake, youth, who were followed for 3 years, had an average age 10.6 years (SD = 0.59 ). Results: There was no significant difference between the treatment and control groups on the linear or quadratic rate of change of problem-solving outcomes. However, there was a: (a) large positive effect of treatment in the linear rate of change for youth and parent Solution Quantity; (b) large positive effect for youth and small positive effect for parent Solution Quality; (c) small positive effect for youth and medium negative effect for parent Negotiate/Compromise; and (d) large positive effect for dyads in the Agreement on Solution and Implementation Commitment. Conclusion: While the treatment effect was not supported, MP intervention had an effect on the increase of the linear slope of both parent and youth Solution Quality and Solution Quantity, and youth Negotiate/Compromise. Future studies with larger sample of parent-youth dyads are indicated. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A