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ERIC Number: ED546572
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 121
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-8226-3
ISSN: N/A
Mixed-Initiative Clustering
Huang, Yifen
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University
Mixed-initiative clustering is a task where a user and a machine work collaboratively to analyze a large set of documents. We hypothesize that a user and a machine can both learn better clustering models through enriched communication and interactive learning from each other. The first contribution or this thesis is providing a framework of mixed-initiative clustering. The framework consists of machine learning and teaching phases, and user learning and teaching phases connected in an interactive loop which allows bi-directional communication. The bi-directional communication languages define types of information exchanged in an interface. Coordination between the two communication languages and the adaptation capability of the machine's clustering model is the key to building a mixed-initiative clustering system. The second contribution comes from successfully building several systems using our proposed framework. Two systems are built with incrementally enriched communication languages--one enables user feedback on features for non-hierarchical clustering and the other accepts user feedback on hierarchical clustering results. This achievement validates our framework and also demonstrates the possibilities to develop machine learning algorithms to work with conceptual properties. The third contribution comes from the study of enabling real-time interactive capability in our full-fledged mixed-initiative clustering system. We provide several guidelines on practical issues that developers of mixed-initiative learning systems may encounter. The fourth contribution is the design of user studies for examining effectiveness of a mixed-initiative clustering system. We design the studies according to two scenarios, a learning scenario where a user develops a topic ontology from an unfamiliar data set, and a teaching scenario where a user knows the ontology and wants to transfer this knowledge to a machine. Results of the user studies demonstrate the mixed-initiative clustering has advantages over non-mixed-initiative approaches in terms of helping users learn an ontology as well as helping users teach a known ontology to a machine. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A