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ERIC Number: ED546073
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 125
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-8994-1
Effects of Occupational Education Programs Offered by the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education, Skills Centers Division, on the Recidivism Rate of Selected Groups of Released Offenders in Oklahoma
Ely, Joseph William
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University
Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to describe the effects of career and technical education (CTE) on recidivism for offenders enrolled in the Oklahoma Department of Corrections CareerTech Skills Center School Systems (SCSS) programs. Specifically, the study mined existing CareerTech and ODOC data to: (a) compare the recidivism rate of inmates who participate in CTE programs while incarcerated with those who do not; (b) compare recidivism rates for various CTE programs; and (c) compare recidivism rates for CTE participation from selected demographic groups. This study was quantitative and used an "ex post facto" explanatory descriptive design based on data mining from large state data bases and public records. Offenders who graduated from an Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology, Skills Centers, career and technical education program while incarcerated were identified in existing Oklahoma data bases. They were then tracked through the data bases for three years following release between January, 2003 and December, 2008. Information was obtained from data bases of the CareerTech Student Records system and the Oklahoma Department of Corrections. Findings and Conclusions A key finding of this study was that 77% of offenders who participated in Skills Centers CTE programs did not return to prison upon release, yielding a recidivism rate of 23%. This result supported the Florida Department of Corrections study (2012) which indicated that almost 75% of vocational program completers were successful after release. This recidivism rate was only approximately one-third of the national rate reported by the Bureau of Justice (i.e., 67.5%) in 2012. The findings of this study and their comparison with Department of Justice national recidivism rates supported a conclusion that participation in CTE programs while incarcerated is associated with a lower rate of recidivism. The age of the offender upon release from prison provided differing rates of recidivism for ages 18 to 29 and ages 30 and over. It was found that offenders age 18 to 29 had a recidivism rate of 36% while those age 30 and over had a lower recidivism rate of 21%. This supports a conclusion that more mature age is associated with lower rates in recidivism. Also of note, 27% of the male offenders returned to prison upon release compared to only 13.30% of females offenders returned to prison upon release. These findings support a conclusion that gender is related to recidivism, with males more likely than females to return to prison after being released. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oklahoma