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ERIC Number: ED545736
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr-13
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Panjabi Language Instruction at the American Sikh Temple School: A Site for Hybrid Cultural Socialization
Tiwana, Ravneet Kaur
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, Apr 9-13, 2007)
It has been claimed that there is only one language, the English language in the United States, because America is not a "polyglot boardinghouse ..." (Portes and Rumbaut 196). The fact is that America has always been a multilingual society, even though this mythical notion of a monolingual American identity reflecting American loyalty remains with us- as evident in current debates on bilingual education. Many believe academic success can be achieved through an English-only policy that strips immigrant children of the cultural and social capital embedded in their heritage languages skills. Hence, "Americanization" lead by the American public educational system seems to be aimed at, despite its good intentions as the "greatest equalizer, ... [to] alter immigrant culture through language policies where it [is] environmentally most permeable- the care and instruction of children" (Fass 24). To circumvent this form of "Americanization", many religious and ethnic minority groups have sponsored their own language schools (Steinberg 2001:54). In this paper, I argue that these schools are sites of hybrid cultural socialization through language and religious instruction. By using participant-observation, freelisting, and pilesorting qualitative method techniques, I will show how students believe that attending American Sikh Temple School has a language and religious learning component along as well as socializing with peers. Therefore, providing initial insight into how these heritage language schools are sites of hybrid cultural socialization.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: University of California, Los Angeles. Institute of American Cultures
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California