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ERIC Number: ED545672
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 101
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-8656-8
Homogeneous Grouping in the Context of High-Stakes Testing: Does It Improve Reading Achievement?
Salcedo-Gonzalez, Trena
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, California State University, Fullerton
As accountability reform intensifies, urban school districts strive to meet No Child Left Behind mandates to avoid severe penalties. This study investigated the resurgence of homogeneous grouping methods as a means to increase reading achievement and meet English Language Arts Adequate Yearly Progress requirements. Specifically, this study investigated the relationship between achievement grouping methods and reading achievement as well as the differential effect that it may have on Latino students in particular. A multi-level analysis was designed to examine the relationship between achievement grouping methods and reading achievement for a cohort of fourth-grade students. A hierarchical linear model was utilized to analyze the data and control for student and teacher characteristics. Students' ethnicity, prior reading achievement, gender, and socioeconomic status, as well as teachers' ethnicity, achievement grouping methods, and years of teaching experience were controlled. Descriptive statistics were also included to show the association between students' characteristics (gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status) and reading achievement growth. The Hierarchical Linear Model found that there is no difference in reading achievement between students enrolled in homogeneous or heterogeneous classes. This study also found that achievement grouping methods did not have a differential effect on Latino students in comparison to non-Latino students. However, it did find that Latino students continued to experience less reading achievement growth in comparison to their peers. The chi square test of independence also showed ethnicity and socioeconomic status to be associated with lower reading achievement. Based on these results, this study challenged the notion that leveling students for instruction leads to positive reading achievement outcomes. It does not enable lower performing students to excel nor has it been shown to equalize education. Even with the best intentions in mind, homogeneous grouping does little to improve student achievement. This study's findings also urge educational leaders to reexamine their school reform efforts to ensure that all students benefit academically, especially those who have been historically marginalized. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001