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ERIC Number: ED545621
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct-18
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
Whole Language Instruction vs. Phonics Instruction: Effect on Reading Fluency and Spelling Accuracy of First Grade Students
Maddox, Krissy; Feng, Jay
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Georgia Educational Research Association (Savannah, GA, Oct 17-18, 2013)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of whole language instruction versus phonics instruction for improving reading fluency and spelling accuracy. The participants were the first grade students in the researcher's general education classroom of a non-Title I school. Stratified sampling was used to randomly divide twenty-two participants into two instructional groups. One group was instructed using whole language principles, where the children only read words in the context of a story, without any phonics instruction. The other group was instructed using explicit phonics instruction, without a story or any contextual influence. After four weeks of treatment, results indicate that there were no statistical differences between the two literacy approaches in the effect on students' reading fluency or spelling accuracy; however, there were notable changes in the post test results that are worth further investigation. In reading fluency, both groups improved, but the phonics group made greater gains. In spelling accuracy, the phonics group showed slight growth, while the whole language scores decreased. Overall, the phonics group demonstrated greater growth in both reading fluency and spelling accuracy. It is recommended that a literacy approach should combine phonics and whole language into one curriculum, but place greater emphasis on phonics development. The following are appended: (1) Sequence of Phonics Skills and Whole Language Stories; (2) Sample Lesson Plan for Phonics Instruction; and (3) Sample Lesson Plan for Whole Language Instruction.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A