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ERIC Number: ED545612
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 542
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-2675-8192-1
Students of Sinte Gleska University Reflect on What It Means to Be a Warrior
Rykaczewski Carriere, Lauren Grace
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Seattle University
This study developed after hearing Gerard Baker, the first Native American to serve as a National Park Superintendent, state that he "was not a warrior" when he was unsuccessful in college the first time (G. Baker, International Partnership for Service-Learning and Leadership [IPSL] conference presentation, October 18, 2005). The purpose of the work was three-fold: 1. To learn and understand more about the lived experience of tribal college students at Sinte Gleska University, a tribal college in the Lakota Nation. 2. To reflect upon the ways the Sicangu Lakota Nation and Sinte Gleska University have nurtured the development of Warriorness for tribal college students. 3. Through Warriorness to understand more about my place, the voice inside of me, and where I have belonged as a participant in this work. Twelve students at Sinte Gleska University were interviewed in-depth on what it means to be a warrior; 11 chose to be included in the published project. The framework for the interview protocols on Warriorness or Warriorism was the Sinte Gleska University shield with its virtues of Woohitika (Bravery), Wowacintanka (Fortitude), Wacantognaka (Generosity), and Woksape (Wisdom). The methodology used was Location (Absolon & Willet, 2005) with the particular format being the "Honored Place diagram" contributed by President Lionel R. Bordeaux of Sinte Gleska University. The lived experience of the student co-participants is told in their stories and seen in their very lives. The lived experience of Warriorness is deep, vital, life-giving, and authentic. Perseverance, fortitude, bravery, and generosity are present at every turn in the students' lives. Spirituality is core and they have been nurtured by well-loved grandparents and family members. These students have learned from the past, live in the present Honored Place, and express dreams and hopes for future generations. The core concept that emerged from the 11 students' interviews on Warriorism was the "Way of Life," including the inseparable, life-giving elements of the Lakota language, culture, land, one's spirituality, ceremony, and virtues. The students shared incredible stories of facing hardship yet persevering in their very lives. They are proud to be Lakota. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Dakota