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ERIC Number: ED544469
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 53
Reciprocal Teaching. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
"Reciprocal teaching" is an instructional method designed to help teach reading comprehension skills to students with adequate decoding proficiency. During initial instructional sessions, the teacher introduces four comprehension strategies: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting. Then, the teacher and student read several passages that include narrative or informational text. The teacher thinks aloud while reading to model the four strategies, and the teacher also leads a discussion after the passage has been read. The student responds to the teacher's summaries, makes additional predictions and clarifications about the text, and answers the teacher's questions. Gradually, as the student's skills develop, the student assumes responsibility for using the strategies and leading the discussion. This provides the student with strategy practice and allows the teacher to monitor and offer additional instruction as needed. "Reciprocal teaching" may be implemented with large groups or as peer tutoring, with the adult teacher monitoring. No studies of the "reciprocal teaching" instructional method that fall within the scope of the Students with Learning Disabilities review protocol meet What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. Because no studies meet WWC evidence standards, at this time, the WWC is unable to draw any conclusions based on research about the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of "reciprocal teaching" on students with learning disabilities. Additional research is needed to determine the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of this intervention. A glossary of terms is provided. (Contains 2 endnotes.)
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
IES Funded: Yes