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ERIC Number: ED544375
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation"
What Works Clearinghouse
This study examined whether eligibility for the Florida Student Access Grant, a need-based grant for low-income students in Florida, affects college enrollment, credit accumulation, persistence over time in college, and, eventually, graduation. The sample for this study included seniors in Florida public high schools in 1999-2000 who submitted a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and were within $1,000 on either side of the family income cutoff for eligibility for a Florida Student Access Grant. Students whose family's ability to pay (known as Estimated Family Contribution) was less than $1,000 below the cutoff were eligible for the grant program and served as the intervention group. Students whose family's ability to pay was less than $1,000 above the cutoff were not eligible for the grant program and served as the comparison group. The study reported that eligibility for the Florida Student Access Grant significantly increased the likelihood of attending a 4-year public institution in Florida immediately after high school, but not the likelihood of attending a 2-year institution. The study also reported that grant-eligible students had accumulated significantly more college-level credits 1 year after high school than students above the grant-eligibility cutoff. This margin increased over the following 3 years. The study reported that grant eligibility did not increase the probability that students earned a bachelor's degree in 4 years, but did have a significantly positive impact on earning a bachelor's degree within 5, 6, or 7 years after high school. In contrast, study authors reported that the impact of eligibility for the grant program did not significantly impact associate's degree attainment. The study could potentially "meet WWC regression discontinuity design evidence standards." A more thorough review (forthcoming) will determine the rating for the study and report more fully on its results. [The following study is reviewed in this What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: Castleman, B. L., & Long, B. T. (2013). "Looking beyond enrollment: The causal effect of need-based grants on college access, persistence, and graduation" (NBER Working Paper 19306). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from: This quick review was prepared for the What Works Clearinghouse by Development Services Group, Inc. under contract ED-IES-12-C-0084.]
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Florida