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ERIC Number: ED544355
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 3
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Overview of U.S. Accreditation--Revised
Eaton, Judith S.
Council for Higher Education Accreditation
Accreditation in the United States is about quality assurance and quality improvement. It is a process to scrutinize higher education institutions and programs. Accreditation is private (nongovernmental) and nonprofit--an outgrowth of the higher education community and not of government. It is funded primarily by the institutions and programs that are accredited. Accreditation has a complex relationship with government, especially in relation to funding higher education. It adds value to society through assuring quality, enabling government to make sound judgments about the use of public funds, aiding the private sector in decisions about financial support and easing transfer of credit. Recognition in the United States is about scrutiny of the quality and effectiveness of accrediting organizations. It is carried out by the higher education enterprise through The Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA), a private body, and by government [United States Department of Education (USDE)]. CHEA recognition is funded by institutional dues; USDE recognition is funded by the U.S. Congress. The goals of the two recognition processes are different: (1) CHEA: Assuring that accrediting organizations contribute to maintaining and improving academic quality; and (2) USDE: Assuring that accrediting organizations contribute to maintaining the soundness of institutions and programs that receive federal funds. The two recognition processes are similar: self-evaluation based on standards, site visit and report, award of recognition status. Recognition adds value to society as a vital part of accreditation accountability or "accrediting the accreditors." (Contains 7 footnotes.)
Council for Higher Education Accreditation. One Dupont Circle Suite 510, Washington, DC 20016. Tel: 202-955-6126; Fax: 202-955-6129; e-mail: chea@chea.org; Web site: http://www.chea.org
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Higher Education Accreditation