ERIC Number: ED543835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1958
Reference Count: 0
Block-Time Classes and the Core Program in the Junior High School. Bulletin, 1958, No. 6
Wright, Grace S.
Office of Education, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
By this study, as by several it has issued in the past few years the Office of Education recognizes the interest of many educators in the core program as a means of achieving some of the objectives of general education at the secondary level. Its first publication, Bulletin 1950, No. 5 entitled "Core Curriculum in Public High Schools," a study of the incidence of the program, was followed in 1952 by a study of problems and practices. A later publication reported upon and analyzed the unpublished research in the field over a 10-year period. Numerous bibliographies have also been made available. The present study directed only at the junior high school grades, combines the purposes of the first two studies. That is, it provides information about the incidence of the program as was done in the Office's first study, and breaks down the programs reported into the same four types spelled out in the 1952 study of problems and practices, thus making it possible the establishment of trends over the past few years. Information contained in this bulletin should be of interest to high school principals, curriculum workers, supervisors, students of core, and research workers who wish to know (1) whether the interest in core and block-time classes as a way of organizing a school's general education program is continuing, and to what degree; (2) in what States it has achieved the greatest acceptance; and (3) to what extent instruction differs in block-time and core classes from that commonly found in single subject classes. Principals filling in the questionnaire were asked to report classes "meeting for a block of time of two or more class periods, combining or replacing two or more subjects that are required of all pupils and would ordinarily be taught separately." Under this definition classes reported need have only the block-time organizational pattern characteristic of core. For this reason the first section of the bulletin reports on "Block-time" rather than "Core." Many principals accept the organizational pattern of core who do not accept, or do not feel that their teachers are ready to use, the content and methods characteristic of the program. They believe that the block of time provides for better articulation with the elementary school than does complete departmentalization. Also they agree that more effective guidance is possible because one teacher with fewer pupils to know has the opportunity to know each of his pupils well. "Inquiry on the Operation of Block-Time (Including Core or Core-Type) Classes in Grades 7-9 of Junior High and 6-Year Secondary Schools" is appended. (Contains 1 figure, 15 footnotes and 13 tables.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: General Education, Articulation (Education), Incidence, Educational Change, Core Curriculum, Block Scheduling, Junior High Schools, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Principals, Administrator Attitudes, Questionnaires
Office of Education, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Junior High Schools
Audience: Students; Administrators; Researchers
Authoring Institution: US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education (ED)