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ERIC Number: ED543511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 12
Drop-Out Prevention and Reentry for High Risk Students. Information Brief
Mid-Atlantic Equity Center
Reducing the number of high school dropouts and increasing graduation rates are national policy priorities. Attaining a high school diploma is the minimum requirement for securing a job, and dropping out leads to economic hardship and social problems. Better educated individuals earn more, are less likely to be involved in crime or be on welfare (Belfield & Levin, 2007). Yet, across the United States, a high percentage of students--mostly low-income and minority--fail to graduate from high school (Education Week, 2008). Nationally, about two-thirds of all students, and only about half of all African American, Latinos, and Native Americans who enter ninth grade graduate four years later. Research suggests that the decision to stay in or to leave school is affected by multiple contextual and policy factors that interact over the lifetime of a student. To understand why students drop out, Russell Rumberger developed a conceptual framework based on an individual perspective and an institutional perspective (2004). This framework suggests reciprocal relationships among these two factors and the possibility that these relationships can change over time as students' progress through school. Identifying students at risk of dropping out is the first step to addressing the problem. Since dropping out is a process, taking place over a long period of time involving multiple factors, there are multiple invention points, various programs that may be effective, and a need for multiple strategies to ensure success (Hammond, Linton, Smink, & Drew, 2007).
Mid-Atlantic Equity Center. George Washington University Center for Equity and Excellence in Education 1555 Wilson Boulevard Suite 515, Arlington, VA 22209. Tel: 800.925.3223; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: Mid-Atlantic Equity Center