ERIC Number: ED543374
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1920
The Feasibility of Consolidating the Schools of Mount Joy Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania. Bulletin, 1920, No. 9
Cook, Katherine M.; Deffenbaugh, W. S.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
Mount Joy Township is located in southeastern Pennsylvania, in Adams County. It is immediately adjacent to the historic battlefield and town of Gettysburg. Though irregular in shape, it averages about 5 miles from north to south and 41 miles from east to west, and contains approximately 36 square miles. The population of the township in 1910 was 1,178. For the school year 1918-19 the number of families having children enrolled is 126; the census enumeration of children of school age, 280; and the total enrollment, 240. The community shows every evidence of comfort and prosperity. The educational interests of the children of the community are served by seven schoolhouses of the one-room, one-teacher type. None of these is modern; the newest is 21 years old. The schools, with the exception of two, are fitted with jacketed stoves, providing comfortable heating and good ventilation. The desks, however, are of the old-fashioned double type, neither comfortable nor hygienic, and cross lights come from three directions from windows placed without regard for proper spacing. Physical education, either in the sense of imparting knowledge concerning it or of providing surroundings which instill this knowledge by example as well as by precept, is entirely neglected. None of the schools has grounds either ample for or adapted to play and games. There is no playground equipment in any of the school plants. Water is in all cases brought from the neighboring farms. The whole school plant is in no sense a credit to the community and is inferior in every way to the best farmhouses. The organization of schoolroom activities is no more in harmony with modern ideas of educational practice and method. In the matter of qualifications of teachers, grading of classes, division of time, content of the curriculum, and general community service, the facilities furnished are unequal to the demands of the new education for rural life and unadapted to the social and economic or the intellectual needs of the community. All the pioneer conditions in Mount Joy Township have passed away except the seven little schoolhouses which stand out as solitary landmarks of former days. This bulletin covers the following topics as they relate to the Mount Joy Township: (1) General and educational conditions in Mount Joy Township; (2) Some deficiencies of the school system; (3) Consolidation the obvious remedy; (4) Some results which may be expected if consolidation is adopted; and (5) Consolidation in Other States. A summary of recommendations concludes the bulletin. (Contains 7 tables and 2 footnotes.) [Note: Concluding section, "Summary of Recommendations" is not available in this copy of the bulletin. Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Facilities, Rural Areas, Counties, Educational Practices, Educational Objectives, Playgrounds, School Community Relationship, Consolidated Schools, Teacher Qualifications, Community Needs, Physical Education
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania