ERIC Number: ED543373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1920
Reference Count: N/A
Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges Including Statistics for 1917-18. Bulletin, 1920, No. 8
John, Walton C.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
The Report of Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges for 1917-18 exhibits certain deviations from the tendencies shown in previous reports. This is doubtless caused in some measure by the disturbed conditions of the country which have resulted from the war and the subsequent readjustments of peace. The teaching force in the land-grant colleges has increased considerably in number for the year 1917-18, and although many institutions have suffered serious losses from the higher ranks of the teaching personnel, these losses have been overcome in a measure by substitutes. The student enrollment shows a marked decline for the past year; 122,053 white students were enrolled in 1916-17; this number dropped to 114,913 in 1917-18, or a loss of 7,140. The enrollment of colored students was 9,340, or 2,012 less than in 1916-17. The divisions which suffered the most were those of agriculture and mechanic arts. The division of home economics showed a gain, likewise the special and the short courses. A striking decrease is apparent in the number of students who received first degrees. In 1916-17 those who received the bachelor's degree numbered 11,361; in 1917-18 only 7,741 were graduated. The most striking loss appears in the graduate departments; 1,313 received advanced degrees in 1916-17; the number fell to 471 in 1917-18. Notwithstanding the decline in general attendance, the enrollment in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps courses was more than twice that of the year preceding. The total enrollment in the usual military training courses has not appreciably changed. The report shows little variation in the amount and the growth of income. This fact is significant, as it indicates that the land-grant institutions are on stable foundations, which enable them to pass through periods of crisis with much less harm than many institutions which rely primarily on private gifts and tuition fees. This report includes for the first time the income spent under the conditions of the Smith-Hughes Act for vocational teacher training. This money is not administered by the land-grant colleges, but inasmuch as the majority of teachers receiving this fund are stationed at the land-grant colleges, the fund has been included as a part of the total income of the land-grant institutions. (Contains 12 tables and 3 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Land Grant Universities, Income, White Students, Home Economics, Exhibits, Military Training, Tuition, Agricultural Colleges, Statistical Data, War, Peace, Enrollment Trends, Academic Degrees, Federal Legislation, Vocational Education, Teacher Education, Expenditures, African American Students
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Smith Hughes Act