ERIC Number: ED543297
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1914
Reference Count: N/A
Elementary Education in England with Special Reference to London, Liverpool, and Manchester. Bulletin, 1913, No. 57. Whole Number 568
Kandel, I. L.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
With the rapid growth of American cities and the large increase in their industrial population, the problems of the city school administration are becoming more complex and difficult. These problems are different for different cities and can seldom if ever be solved by imitation. Yet a knowledge of the administration of the schools of one large city can not fail to be helpful in working out plans for the better administration of the schools of another. This helpfulness may be all the greater if, while some of the conditions in the two cities are quite similar, others are so dissimilar as to amount to contrast, as is the case with the large cities of England and America. For this reason, and because of the desire in this country for a better general knowledge of English schools, the author was asked to prepare this bulletin on the public schools of London, Manchester, and Liverpool, giving special attention to the methods of dealing with those problems which have more recently assumed importance in American cities. In collecting material for this manuscript, the author visited the cities and studied their schools carefully at first hand. His knowledge of schools and general conditions in America has enabled him to give the subject such treatment as to make his study especially helpful to American teachers and school officers. The following topics are covered: (1) The administration of education; (2) School managers and core committees; (3) Organization, classification, and coordination of schools; (4) School attendance and its enforcement; (5) Infant schools; (6) The elementary school; (7) The teaching of special subjects; (8) Playgrounds; (9) Medical inspection; (10) The feeding of necessitous children; (11) Scholarships; (12) Open-air schools; (13) Extra-school activities; (14) Day industrial schools; (15) Mental defectives; (16) Central schools; (17) Evening schools; and (18) Juvenile employment. An index is included. Individual chapters contain footnotes. (Contains 19 illustrations and 3 diagrams) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Attendance, Educational Policy, Educational Administration, School Administration, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Scholarships, Urban Areas, Governance, Administrative Organization, Compulsory Education, Nursery Schools, Handicrafts, Home Economics, Natural Resources, Physical Education, Playgrounds, School Health Services, Disadvantaged Youth, Lunch Programs, Outdoor Education, Extracurricular Activities, Summer Programs, Industrial Education, Mental Retardation, Evening Programs, Student Employment
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Audience: Teachers; Administrators
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Liverpool); United Kingdom (London); United Kingdom (Manchester)