ERIC Number: ED543241
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1913
Reference Count: N/A
An Experimental Rural School at Winthrop College, Rock Hill, South Carolina. Bulletin, 1913, No. 42. Whole Number 552
Browne, Hetty S.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
About 79 per cent of the rural schools in the Southern States have only one teacher. It is evident, therefore, that a plan must be worked out which will enable this single teacher to make her school a factor in the development of the life around it. On November 2, 1910, the Peabody Board appropriated $600 to work out such a plan. It was finally decided to attempt this through an experimental rural school in connection with Winthrop College, Rock Hill, South Carolina, under the direction of Mr. W. K. Tate, State supervisor of rural schools, and in cooperation with Pres. D. B. Johnson and members of the faculty of Winthrop College. Mrs. Hetty S. Browne, a teacher in the city schools of Spartanburg, agreed to undertake the experiment, which was started March 21, 1911. At the outset the effort was to see clearly: First, what the farm wife must do all her life; second, what the farmer must do all his life. Then, regardless of tradition, the resolve was made to make a school that will train the farm children for their future work in the home, on the farm, and in the social life around them. The purpose was to get at a practical working plan. For this reason the school was called "experimental" to distinguish it from the so-called model schools. The aim was not a cut-and-dried plan, but rather a working idea to enable the teacher to create a growing agency for the development of farm life. This bulletin contains some account of this school, its methods, and work. The style is simple, and many details interesting to the practical teacher are given. The following are appended: (1) Diary of the First Two Weeks of School (September 19 to October 14, 1911; and (2) Report of the First Month's Work: September 19 to October 14. (Contains 12 illustrations.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Educational History, Rural Schools, Rural Education, Relevance (Education), Educational Principles, Experimental Schools, Program Descriptions, Gardening, Rural Farm Residents, College School Cooperation, One Teacher Schools, Educational Policy, Educational Development, Program Development, Teaching Methods, Active Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, School Organization
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina