ERIC Number: ED543239
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1913
Reference Count: 0
The Reorganized School Playground. Bulletin, 1913, No. 40. Whole Number 550. Revised Edition
Curtis, Henry S.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
In the past 10 years the play movement has illuminated the educational value of play. The old-time school yard, with its limited space and its restrictive traditions, is entirely unsuited to the new uses demanded by the new ideals, and there is going on everywhere a reconstruction of theory and practice to meet the new requirements. As in all reconstruction periods, however, the facilities and needs are out of harmony, though many cities, with an imperfect understanding of the problems involved, are attempting to improve conditions. The new activities for the school require; in the first place, a larger yard; secondly, a yard which is in condition to be used--which is not often the case at present; and, thirdly, a yard with a certain amount of equipment for play and some one in charge. The yard is nearly as important as the classroom in the conduct of the modern school, for it must furnish a place for gardening, for open-air classes, for organized play and physical training both during the school day and after school, on Saturdays, and during the summer vacation. These new uses are creating a new condition, which warrants far greater expenditure and care than the old-time yard ever received. The purpose of this bulletin is to provide information on what is needed to reorganize the school playground to suit the needs of today. Topics covered in this publication include the size of the school yard, the location of the school building, the surfacing of the school grounds, the lighting in the school playground, and playground equipment. (Contains 6 plates and 1 footnote.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: School Buildings, Playgrounds, Educational Environment, Forestry, Play, Physical Education, Teacher Role, Lighting, Planning, Equipment, Games, Elementary Schools
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: United States Department of the Interior, Office of Education (ED)