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ERIC Number: ED542871
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
What Are the Trends in Employment Outcomes of Youth with Autism: 2006-2010? Research to Practice. Issue 53
Migliore, Alberto; Butterworth, John; Zalewska, Agnes
Institute for Community Inclusion
In recent years, the number of children with a diagnosis of autism has substantially increased (Baio, 2012). There is a growing interest, therefore, in knowing more about their transition to employment as they reach adulthood. To address this question, the authors examined the national and state data from the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program for the years 2006 to 2010. Focusing on people with autism who were 16 to 26 years old and unemployed, they set out to describe how many of them sought VR services, received services, and then gained integrated employment. They also looked at earnings and work hours of those employed. To provide some context, they compared the findings for youth with autism with the findings for youth with other disabilities. Moreover, they investigated the data at both the national and state level. For the state-level data, they reported the average across the five years. The purpose of this study was to improve their understanding about the transition to employment of youth with autism. They found that (a) an increasing number of youth with autism sought VR services, although their number was relatively small compared to youth with other disabilities; (b) only about half of youth with autism who exited the VR program received services, and the figure declined; (c) of the youth with autism who received services, only about half gained integrated employment, and the figure declined; (d) hourly earnings increased enough to compensate for inflation, but overall remained modest whereas work hours were low and declining; and (e) all outcomes varied considerably from state to state regardless of disability types, and with only minor influence from the states' socio-economic environments. Based on these findings, the authors recommend that attention be paid to state differences in the implementation of services, and the relationship between engagement in services and outcomes. States have much to learn from one another, especially given that employment outcomes varied substantially across states without necessarily reflecting the job seekers' types of disabilities and the states' socioeconomic environments. (Contains 3 figures.)
Institute for Community Inclusion. University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125. Tel: 617-287-4300; Fax: 617-287-4352; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Authoring Institution: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion