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ERIC Number: ED542834
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 322
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-2674-5038-8
ISSN: N/A
Binding and Scope Dependencies with "Floating Quantifiers" in Japanese
Mukai, Emi
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southern California
The primary concern of this thesis is how we can achieve rigorous testability when we set the properties of the Computational System (hypothesized to be at the center of the language faculty) as our object of inquiry and informant judgments as a tool to construct and/or evaluate our hypotheses concerning the properties of the Computational System. I propose to adopt, as one possible solution to this testability issue, the Evaluation-of-Predicted-Schematic-Asymmetry method (the EPSA method) advocated by Hoji (2009, 2010, and subsequent works). I first provide a summary of this method in Chapter 2, crucially addressing its important aspects, (i) schematic asymmetries, (ii) the use of data involving the linguistic intuition that is (most likely) constrained by conditions at LF, and (iii) the model of conducting research . These aspects are based on three of the research heuristics adopted in Hoji 2009 and 2010, namely, the "attain testability" heuristic, the "maximize testability" heuristic, and the "maximize our chances of learning from errors (in a non-trivial manner)" heuristic. Chapters 3 and 4 provide a case study of conducting research in accordance with the EPSA method, making recourse to the dependency-related data (i.e., wide-scope Distributive Reading (DR) and Bound Variable Anaphora (BVA)) involving so-called floating quantifiers in Japanese. In addition to the significance of offering a case study under the EPSA method, Chapters 3 and 4 make a unique contribution because the past literature on DR or BVA has rarely discussed the constraints on the DR and BVA possibilities on the basis of data involving floating quantifiers. I claim in Chapter 3 that it is not the position of a floating quantifier but that of its host NP that is crucial to the availability of the DR and BVA readings. Chapter 4 investigates the DR possibility with a floating quantifier in the so-called scrambling construction. I refine Ueyama's (1998) by proposing that the "scrambled object" base-generated above the subject is outside the TP. It is by investigating the DR and BVA possibilities with floating quantifiers that we have been able to arrive at these conclusions. In Chapter 5, I first make an attempt to formalize the syntax and semantics of the sentence involving a floating quantifier by analyzing it as a form of the copula sentence, rather than a sentence with a generalized quantifier. I then discuss some (well-known) "floating-quantifier phenomena" that are independent of any dependency relations, and observe that they can be accounted for, i.e., are consistent with, the proposed analysis. Chapter 5 differs from Chapters 3 and 4 in that the former offers compatibility-based arguments while the latter testability-based arguments. What is offered in Chapter 5 is therefore not nearly as significant as what is offered in Chapters 3 and 4 from the perspective of obtaining insight into the Computational System. Chapter 5 nonetheless provides us with a new insight with regard to "floating quantifier phenomena" in Japanese. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A