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ERIC Number: ED542693
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1941
Pages: 45
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Secondary Education in Austria, 1918-38. Bulletin, 1941, No. 9
Lederer, Max
US Office of Education, Federal Security Agency
Between the close of the first World War and the beginning of the second, approximately two decades, several European nations that had not previously done so maintained democratic forms of government. In that period they tried to arrange their school systems in such a way as to educate their children for life in democracies. Their moves in that direction are now temporarily stopped. It is pertinent and timely to ask, "What progress did they make?" This study of secondary education in Austria in the years 1918 to 1938 to some extent answers that question for one of those countries. The author was an Austrian secondary school teacher from 1906 to 1920 and a "Hofrat" concerned with secondary education in the pedagogical division of the Federal Ministry of Education at Vienna from 1920 to 1938. He writes from experience as well as from documentation. Educators in the United States with their background of comparative freedom will almost surely read this bulletin with disappointment at what seems to them slight changes in education in a country that was turning from an imperial regime to which it had been accustomed for centuries and setting up a kind of national life in which it was inexperienced. Such readers must take into consideration that two decades is not a long time in the cultural life of a a nation. Today, the Austrian school has, at least outwardly, disappeared, having been submerged in the German school system. The Austrian school reform as history, however, lives on. In the years 1920 to 1934, Austria, particularly Vienna, was a Mecca for educators who came in ever-increasing numbers from all countries of Europe and from overseas to study the new schools and methods, with the result that the Viennese school reform became the center of a rich literature including among its authors educators of prominence and distinction. It is hoped that ideas of this educational movement, though overthrown in its country of origin, may still live on and bear fruit in other lands. A bibliography is included. (Contains 17 tables, 4 figures, and 3 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
US Office of Education, Federal Security Agency.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Security Agency, US Office of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Austria