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ERIC Number: ED542465
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1324-9320
Friendship Quality Scale: Conceptualization, Development and Validation
Thien, Lei Mee; Razak, Nordin Abd; Jamil, Hazri
Australian Association for Research in Education (NJ1), Paper presented at the Joint Australian Association for Research in Education and Asia-Pacific Educational Research Association Conference (AARE-APERA 2012) World Education Research Association (WERA) Focal Meeting (Sydney, New South Wales, Dec 2-6, 2012)
The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) to initialize a new conceptualization of positive feature based Friendship Quality (FQUA) scale on the basis of four dimensions: Closeness, Help, Acceptance, and Safety; and (2) to develop and validate FQUA scale in the form of reflective measurement model. The scale development and validation procedures suggested in literature were employed. A total of 480 Malaysian secondary school Form Four students sample was selected using Multistage Stratified Cluster Sampling. Data was analyzed using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) techniques with the software of SPSS version 15.0. The reliability and construct validity were warranted with the parameter estimates lie within the acceptable range. The factor structure of FQUA scale showed its stability with the parameter estimates were found comparable in three different datasets. Approximately 62% of variance in FQUA was accounted for by Closeness, Help, Acceptance, and Safety. FQUA scale with 21 items measured was validated rigorously. Overall, this study has advanced a set of positive features of friendship in conceptualizing FQUA pertaining to the nature of reflective measurement where the positive features of friendship should be correlated with one and other. The validated FQUA scale deserves to be further explored to ensure its generalizability. An appendix is included. (Contains 9 tables and 1 figure.)
Australian Association for Research in Education. AARE Secretariat, One Geils Court, Deakin ACT 2600, Australia. Tel: +61-2-6285-8388; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE)
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia