ERIC Number: ED542180
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1932
Reference Count: N/A
The History of the Municipal University in the United States. Bulletin, 1932, No. 2
Eckelberry, R. H.
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior
The present study is an attempt to bring together and to interpret the more important facts concerning the origin and development of the municipal university in the United States. It is obvious that in a work in which the history of a university must be presented in a chapter instead of a volume, and in which the discussion of the subject as a whole is confined to three chapters, a great deal must be omitted. In the matter of selection and emphasis there is room for much difference of opinion. The author has sought to select those facts which throw most light on the origin and development of the institutions discussed, not merely as universities, but as municipal universities, and which aid most in interpreting the rise of the municipal university as a phase of the development of the system, of public education. A survey of the history of school education in the Western World from the early Middle Ages to the present, with particular reference to the United States, reveals, among others, two outstanding tendencies. These are, first, the extension of educational opportunity, and second, the secularization of education. Within the last hundred years there has developed in this country another type of educational institution which represents an important contribution to both the extension of educational opportunity and the secularization of education, and which belongs to the increasingly important class of publicly controlled educational institutions. This institution is the municipal university. It represents the extension of educational opportunity because it has meant not only low fees, or none at all, but also, to the student in the city, the opportunity to live at home while attending college. It represents the secularization of education because, being supported by city taxes and controlled by public authorities, it is in effect a part of the public-school system and shares its secular character. It is the purpose of the present work to present the more important facts concerning the origin and development of the municipal university in the United States and to point out their significance. Contents of this bulletin include: (1) Letter of transmittal; (2) Preface; (3) The History of the municipal university in the United States; (4) Introduction; (5) The History of the various municipal universities; and (6) A general survey of the municipal university. A bibliography is included. Individual sections contain tables and footnotes. [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Urban Universities, Educational Trends, United States History, College Role, Educational Principles, Bibliographies, Educational Opportunities, Public Education, Role of Religion, Educational Environment, Institutional Characteristics, Enrollment, Academic Degrees, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Census Figures, Financial Support, Educational Legislation
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: United States Department of the Interior, Office of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Kansas; Kentucky; Michigan; Nebraska; New York; Ohio; South Carolina