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ERIC Number: ED542066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 13
Compare and Contrast Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches
Soiferman, L. Karen
Online Submission
This discussion paper compares and contrasts "inductive" and "deductive" research approaches as described by Trochim (2006) and Plano Clark and Creswell (2007). It also examines the "exploratory" and "confirmatory" approaches by Onwueghuzie and Leech (2005) with respect to the assumption each holds about the nature of knowledge. The paper starts with an historical overview of the two main types of research commonly used in educational settings. It continues with a discussion of the elements that showcase the differences and similarities between the two major research approaches. The elements discussed include: intent of the research, how literature is used, how intent is focussed, how data are collected, how data are analyzed, the role of the researcher, and how data are validated. In addition, there is a section which addresses the decisions researchers must make in choosing the research methodology that allows them to answer their research question. The focus of the discussion is on how the two types of research methodology can be used effectively in an educational setting. It concludes with a look at how the different methods of research can be used collaboratively to form a more complete picture of a research study.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A