ERIC Number: ED542046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1930
Reference Count: N/A
National Ministries of Education. Bulletin, 1930, No. 12
Abel, James F.
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior
From time to time during the past 100 years individuals or organizations have suggested, or seriously proposed, the establishment of a Federal department of education. Immediately after the Civil War the early advocates, led by Henry Barnard, almost succeeded in their plan. In 1867 a bill creating a department of education, introduced into the House by James A. Garfield, became law. The head of this new and very small department, however, was a commissioner and not a secretary with a Cabinet seat. The following year the law was amended in such a way as to establish "An Office of Education in the Department of the Interior." During the years since the World War which brought forcibly to public attention certain defects which many believe only education can remove, the agitation for a department of education has been very vigorous. The opposition to it has been pronounced and in some instances bitter enough to assail the motives of the proponents. This manuscript consists of chapters taken from the thesis of James F. Abel, chief of the division of foreign school systems, which was submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy at George Washington University. It offers in brief, a compass survey of ministries of education in other countries and a bibliography for those who care to investigate the subject further. Chapters include: (1) A brief history of the development of national ministries of Education; (2) General characteristics of the office of minister and of the ministry of education; (3) The Board of Education of England and Wales; (4) General functions of the ministry of education; (5) The relation of the national ministry to elementary education; (6) The relation of the national ministry to secondary education; (7) The relation of the national ministry to higher education; (8) The Board of Education of England and Wales; (9) The Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts in France; and (10) The Secretariat of Education in Mexico. Appended are: (1) Questionnaire sent through the Department of State to American consular offices abroad; (2) Table showing the approximate population of each of the 73 main political divisions of the world; and (3) A brief statement of the history and present legal status of the national ministry of education in each country. (Contains 4 tables.) [Best copy available has been provided.
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Political Divisions (Geographic), Foreign Countries, Education, Advisory Committees, Educational Administration, Compulsory Education, Educational Change, Public Education, Public Agencies, Federal Government
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: United States Department of the Interior, Office of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Wales)