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ERIC Number: ED541835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-2166-5176
The High Return to Private Schooling in a Low-Income Country. Africa Growth Initiative. Working Paper 5
Bold, Tessa; Kimenyi, Mwangi; Mwabu, Germano; Sandefur, Justin
Brookings Institution
Existing studies from the United States, Latin America and Asia provide scant evidence that private schools dramatically improve academic performance relative to public schools. Using data from Kenya--a poor country with weak public institutions--we find a large effect of private schooling on test scores, equivalent to one full standard deviation. This finding is robust to endogenous sorting of more able pupils into private schools. The magnitude of the effect dwarfs the impact of any rigorously tested intervention to raise performance within public schools. Furthermore, nearly two-thirds of private schools operate at lower cost than the median government school. Data on test scores, household survey and school administrative are appended. (Contains 1 figure, 2 tables, and 3 endnotes.)
Brookings Institution. 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-797-6000; Fax: 202-797-6004; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Brookings Institution
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Kenya