ERIC Number: ED541683
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1914
Reference Count: N/A
Consolidation of Rural Schools and Transportation of Pupils at Public Expense. Bulletin, 1914, No. 30. Whole Number 604
Monahan, A. C.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
"Consolidation of schools" is the term used when two or more school districts are made into a single district, one school in one building replacing two or more small schools in several buildings. In some States when but two schools are replaced by one, the new school is called a "union" school, the term "consolidated" being applied only when three or more schools are replaced by a single school. In other sections the term "consolidation" is used only in speaking of a school to which children are transported public expense. When a single school is abandoned on account of lack of sufficient pupils to keep it open, and the children attend school in a neighboring district, the term "consolidation" would seldom be applied. Consolidation in its best form takes place when schools not forced to close for lack of pupils are deliberately abandoned for the purpose of creating a larger school where more efficient work may be done or equivalent work at less expense. The two primary motives in the movement for consolidation have been and still are (1) for the purpose of securing better educational facilities, and (2) for the purpose of decreasing the cost of education on the school district. Considerable space is given to the discussion of both of these subjects in this bulletin. A bibliography of consolidation of schools and an index are included. (Contains 1 table, 17 plates, and 18 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Educational Facilities, Rural Schools, Small Schools, Consolidated Schools, Transportation, School Buses, School Districts, Educational Finance, Costs, State Legislation, State Aid, Supervision, Classification, Governance, High Schools, Socialization, Labor Force Development, Foreign Countries
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States