ERIC Number: ED541676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1914
Reference Count: N/A
Some Trade Schools in Europe. Bulletin, 1914, No. 23. Whole Number 596
Glynn, Frank L.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
In general the trade-school situation in Europe may be summed up very briefly. In France we find the all-day trade school in its highest development, with special schools established for both boys and girls. The aim of these schools is to intensify the idea of artistic expression as well as to improve mechanical construction and efficiency in production. In Germany and Austria we find the continuation school, with a beginning of the all-day trade school in both countries. Belgium, Holland, and Switzerland seem to have developed a combination of the French and German systems, including in their plan the all-day trade school with apprenticeship as well as the continuation school for apprentices and tradesmen. In Italy the day trade school only is found, with greater emphasis on the artistic side--sculpture, painting, jewelry, gold and silver smithing--than on ordinary manufacture. In this respect northern Italy differs greatly from the portion of south of Florence, considerable manufacturing having been introduced. This bulletin contains a report on two dozen of the schools visited by the author in Ireland, Scotland, England, France, Belgium, and Germany, with a brief account of apprenticeship systems and a translation of some valuable documents on different phases of the general subject. The following appendices are included: (1) London & Northwestern Railway (conditions on which apprentices are admitted into the company's engine works at Crewe, England); (2) A German Apprentice Contract; and (3) German Apprentice-Training and Factory Schools. (Contains 10 plates and 4 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Special Schools, Art Education, Efficiency, Transportation, Manufacturing, School Visitation, Comparative Education, Vocational Education
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Austria; Belgium; France; Germany; Ireland; Italy; Netherlands; Switzerland; United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Scotland)