ERIC Number: ED541630
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1914
Reference Count: 0
Rural Schoolhouses and Grounds. Bulletin, 1914, No. 12. Whole Number 585
Dresslar, Fletcher B.
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
Since the beginning of the recent revival of interest in rural schools, millions of dollars have been expended annually for country schoolhouses, and expenditures for this purpose have grown larger from year to year. Some of the newer buildings are large and relatively costly, but many, probably most, of them are built with little or no reference to architectural appearance, to the local needs, or to the principles of sanitation and the health requirements of growing children. It is economic waste of the worst type to spend annually hundreds of millions of dollars in money for schools and hundreds of millions more in the time of children and then fall short of the best results because of bad construction and poor equipment of schoolhouses. It is worse than economic waste to destroy the health and lives of children through failure to observe simple and well-known sanitary laws. The places to which children come to gain preparation and strength for life and its duties should not prove to be hotbeds for the seeds of disease and death. This bulletin is the result of careful and prolonged study of rural school architecture, with constant reference to economy and the highest degree of utility. Following a Letter of Transmittal and an Introduction, this document is divided into 12 chapters, as follows: (1) Some conditions and opportunities in rural life; (2) Relation of the country-school program to the country-school equipment; (3) Hygienic condition of typical rural schoolhouses and grounds; (4) The location of country schoolhouses; (5) Orientation of the building; (6) The country schoolhouse; (7) Plans for rural schoolhouses; (8) Remodeling country schoolhouses; (9) Teachers' cottages; (10) Consolidation of rural schools and some special needs in buildings for such schools; (11) Sanitary and convenient water supply for country schools; and (12) Sanitary privies for rural schools. An appendix presents a health program for country children. An index is also included. (Contains 44 plates, 13 footnotes, and 52 figures.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: School Buildings, Health Programs, Architecture, Educational Facilities Design, Rural Schools, Resource Allocation, Rural Areas, Equipment, Hygiene, Geographic Location, Planning, Educational Facilities Improvement, Housing, Consolidated Schools, Sanitation, Water, Health Promotion
United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, United States Bureau of Education (ED)